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St Patrick's RC Primary And Nursery School

"I come that they may have life and have it to the full"

Lee Street, Oldham, Lancashire, OL8 1EF

0161 633 0527

  2. Phonics/reading
  3. Phonics/reading

Phonics and Reading

What is Phonics?

Phonics teaches children how to decode letters into their respective sounds. Teaching children to blend sounds together helps them to decode words by themselves. For example when a child is taught the sounds for 'a' and 't', they can start to read the word 'at'.

Effective phonic lessons are important because letter-sound knowledge is the foundation needed to build up reading and writing abilities. We use the DFE 'Letters and Sounds' programme to deliver our phonic sessions.



Reading requires skills such as a good understanding of vocabulary, the ability to extract inferences, and to synthesise and hold information across several sentences. But if your single word reading is not efficient, comprehension is going to be dramatically affected.

If we use building a house as an analogy, understanding text is the complete home; single word reading ability is the structural frame of the house, and phonics is the foundation of that frame.

Early Years and Key Stage One

In Nursery, Reception and Key Stage One,  Phonics is taught through daily lessons using the ‘Letters and Sounds’ Programme. Children who are not at the expected level for phonics receive double phonics each day.Phonics trackers are used regularly to assess the Phases each child is secure with.

Here are the links to each phonic stages linked to each year group up to KS 1

Year 1
Year 2



Key Stage Two

In addition, children in Key Stage Two have access to Phonics interventions where necessary again using the 'Letters and Sounds' programme.

Reading Scheme

The children progress as individual readers through the school reading scheme, which is mainly made up of  Oxford Reading Tree books. The children's reading books are phonetically decodable and link to the phonic stage they are working on.

Guided Reading

The guided reading schemes used throughout our school include Phonics Bug, Rigby Star and Reading Explorers.


Wider Reading

In addition to the reading offering provided by school, children are encouraged from an early age to read books outside the scheme for example class readers, books from the school library, books from Oldham libraries, books from home and books on particular topics.

  Phonics – Additional Resources

Also here are some useful websites to help with phonics.

YouTube search Jolly phonics Phase 2 or 3 Songs

Fine Motor Skills Shonette Bason

There are lots of helpful games and songs on the internet.